National Defence Academy (NDA) is a national-level defence entrance exam conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) twice a year. The exam is conducted to recruit the candidates for the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the Indian Naval Academy Course (INAC) and National Defence Academy (NDA). The NDA 2022 official notification is released on the official website on December 22, 2021. The NDA 1 application forms are live and the candidates can submit them by January 11, 2021. The candidates must check the NDA eligibility criteria before applying for the exam.
The UPSC NDA exam is conducted in two stages- Written Test and SSB Interview. The candidates who clear the written exam with the minimum qualifying marks will be shortlisted for the SSB Interview round in Intelligence and Personality Test.
Interested candidates can fill the application form on the official website of UPSC. Only unmarried male/ female candidates can apply for the NDA exam. The candidates must be pursuing or have passed Class 12 with Physics and Mathematics from a recognised board or university in order to apply for the exam.APPLY NOWCHECK ELIGIBILITYGET UPDATES
The National Defence Academy (NDA) exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The exam is conducted for the recruitment of individuals in the Army, Navy and Air Force Wings of NDA.
First, the candidate has to clear the written exam, then they are called for an SSB interview, those who clear the interview have to go through a thorough medical check-up based on the standards set by the board.
Finally, a merit list is released with the names of the recommended candidates. Marks of all the stages are added up, only those who clear get recommended and called for training.
The key points of the NDA Exam 2022 are as follows:
|Full-Form of NDA||National Defence Academy (NDA) Exam|
|Conducting Body||Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)|
|Frequency||Twice a Year|
|Exam Type||National Level|
|Eligibility Criteria||Unmarried Male candidates who have passed Class XII from a recognized board|
|Mode of Application||Online|
|Duration||Mathematics: 2 hours 30 minutesGeneral Ability Test: 2 hours 30 minutes|
|Number of cities for exam centres||75|
|Selection Process||Written TestSSB Interview|
The official notification for the NDA exam is released 3-4 months prior to the exam on the official website of UPSC. The important details such as the application process, important dates, and vacancies are announced soon after the official notification.
Any kind of changes in the NDA exam pattern, eligibility or syllabus will be communicated to the candidates via the official notification released by UPSC.NDA Dates
The NDA Exam Dates 2022 have been announced. The dates and events are prone to change as per the commission orders. Given below are the exam dates for both the phases of the NDA Exam based on the calendar released by UPSC.
|Events||NDA (I)||NDA (II)|
|Release of NDA Notification||December 22, 2022||May 18, 2022|
|Availability of NDA Application forms||December 22, 2022||May 18, 2022|
|Last day to apply for NDA 2022||January 11, 2022||June 14, 2022|
|Withdrawal of Application||To Be Notified||To Be Notified|
|Availability of Admit Card||March 2022 (Expected)||August 2022 (Expected)|
|NDA Exam Date||April 10, 2022||September 04, 2022|
|Result Declaration||June 2022 (Expected)||November 2022 (Expected)|
|SSB interview||To Be Notified||To Be Notified|
The number of vacancies for the NDA 2022 is yet to be released. A total of 400 vacancies are usually announced for the various wings of the Indian army. The breakdown of the vacancies announced for the year 2022 is tabulated below:
|148th National Defence Academy (Indian Army)||208|
|148th National Defence Academy (Indian Navy)||42|
|148th National Defence Academy (Indian Air Force)||120|
|110th Indian Naval Academy Course||30|
The aspiring candidates must check the eligibility criteria before applying for the NDA Exam. The eligibility criteria is a crucial part of the NDA exam else the candidature stands cancelled. The NDA Eligibility Criteria is discussed below in detail.
The candidates have to fill their application forms on the website of UPSC. The NDA Application Process is completely online. The NDA application has 2 parts- Part I and Part II. The candidates must fill the application form well within the stipulated time period before the link gets deactivated.
The steps to fill the NDA Application Form 2022 are as follows:
UPSC releases the NDA Admit Card on the official website three weeks prior to the exam. The NDA Admit card bears the exam related details like the student’s name, roll number, exam centre, exam date & timing, etc. The candidates will not be permitted to appear in the examination without their admit card.
The steps to download the NDA Admit Card are as follows:
The NDA exam is conducted in multiple states and the candidates are allotted centres according to the preferences they fill in the application form.
The exam centres have limited seats, for which candidates are advised to apply early to get their preferred exam centre.
The NDA Exam Centres are tabulated below:
|List of NDA Exam Centres 2022|
The NDA Exam Pattern is tabulated below in detail:
|Paper||Mathematics||General Ability Test (GAT)|
|Exam Duration||2 hours and 30 minutes||2 hours and 30 minutes|
|No. of sections||1||2 (English and General Knowledge)|
|Total no. of questions||120||150|
|Total marks||300||600 (English (200) + GK (400))|
|Marking scheme||+ 2.5 for correct answer -0.83 for incorrect answer||+4 for correct answer -1.33 for incorrect answer|
|Medium||English and Hindi||English for the English section. English and Hindi for the GK section|
|Type of questions||Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)||Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)|
The candidates preparing for the NDA exam must be thoroughly clear with the exam syllabus. The NDA Exam is one of the most competitive exams in the country.
The candidates must be clear enough with the NDA Exam Syllabus to clear the exam with ease. The section-wise syllabus for the NDA Exam is discussed below:
The syllabus for the NDA Mathematics section is as follows:
|Analytical Geometry of Two & Three Dimensions||Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system.Distance formula.Equation of a line in various forms.The angle between the two lines.The distance of a point from a line.Equation of a circle in standard and in a general form.Standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola.Eccentricity and axis of a conic.A point in a three-dimensional space, the distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios.Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios.Equation of a plane and a line in various forms.The angle between two lines and the angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.|
|Algebra||Concept of set, operations on sets.Venn diagrams.De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Representation of real numbers on a line.Complex numbers—basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers.Conversion of a number in the decimal system to binary system and vice-versa.Arithmetic, 19 Geometric and Harmonic progressions.Quadratic equations with real coefficients. The solution of linear inequalities of two variables by graphs.Permutation and Combination.Binomial theorem and its applications. Logarithms and their applications.|
|Trigonometry||Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians.Trigonometric ratios.Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles.Inverse trigonometric functions.Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.|
|Matrices & Determinants||Types of matrices, operations on matrices.The determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants.Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.|
The exam syllabus for the various sections in the NDA General Ability Test (GAT) is tabulated below:
|English||Grammar and usage, vocabulary, Reading Comprehension, and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English|
|Physics (Section A)||Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density, and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer.The motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy.Effects of Heat, Measurement of Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat.Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection, and refraction.Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye. Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet.Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Nonconductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays. General Principles in the working of the following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.|
|Chemistry (Section B)||Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water.Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases, and salts.Carbon—different forms.Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial.The material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and GunPowder.Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom, Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency|
|General Science (Section C)||Difference between the living and nonliving. Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues.Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals. Elementary knowledge of the Human Body and its important organs.Common Epidemics, their causes, and prevention.Food—Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet.The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists|
The steps to check the NDA Results 2022 are:
The candidates need to clear the NDA Written exam to appear for the next round of selection, i.e, SSB Interview. The candidates have to score the minimum qualifying marks set by the authorities to move to the next round.
Given below is the NDA Previous Years Cutoffs to give the candidates an idea about the minimum qualifying marks:
|Year||Written Exam||Final Marks|
|NDA (II) 2020||355||719|
|NDA (I) 2020||355||726|
|NDA (II) 2019||346||709|
|NDA (I) 2019||342||704|
|NDA (II) 2018||325||688|
|NDA (I) 2018||338||705|
|NDA (II) 2017||258||624|
|NDA (I) 2017||342||708|
|NDA (II) 2016||229||602|
|NDA (I) 2016||288||656|
|NDA (II) 2015||269||637|
|NDA (I) 2015||306||674|
|NDA (II) 2014||283||656|
|NDA (I) 2014||360||722|
|NDA (II) 2013||360||721|
|NDA (I) 2013||333||698|
The NDA Selection Process involves two stages. Stage-1 is the written examination and stage-2 is the SSB interview stage. The complete recruitment process in the NDA exam is judged based on marks scored out of 900 collectively in both stages of recruitment.
After the declaration of NDA Results 2022, qualified candidates will have to register themselves at www.joinindianarmy.nic.in within two weeks. Allotment of selection centres and dates will then be notified on the registered email ID.
SSB Interview comprises two stages- Stage 1 (OIR and PPDT) and Stage 2- (Interview, Group Tasks, Psychology Test, and Conference). After stage-2 is completed, a final merit list is generated by the UPSC which gives the final recruited candidates. The SSB Interview is elaborated in detail below:
|Testing||ScreeningVerbal and Non-verbal testPPDT|
|Psychological Test||Thematic Appreciation Test [TAT]Word Association Test [WAT]Situation Reaction Test [SRT]Self Description Test [ SD]|
|Group Testing Officers Test||Group Discussion (GD)Group Planning Exercise (GPE)Progressive Group Task (PGT)Half Group Task (HGT)Individual Obstacles Task (IOT)Command TaskSnake race/Group Obstacle RaceIndividual lectureFinal Group Task (FGT)|
After the personal interview round, the eligible candidates will have to appear for the document verification round. The qualified candidates must bring the required original documents to the Services Selection Centre (SSC):
On passing out from the National Defense Academy, the cadets go to the respective training academies. The Army cadets go to the Indian Military Academy in Dehradun; the Naval Cadets go to the Indian Naval Academy in Ezhimala and Airforce cadets go to the Air Force Academy in Hyderabad and Air Force Technical College in Bengaluru for the Non-Technical ground duty and Technical ground duty respectively.
The cadets in the training period receive a fixed stipend of INR 56,000 per month. After the completion of the training, the ranks received by the cadets begin with salaries starting from INR 56,000 per month at level 10 to INR 1,77,500 and increasing with the higher level grade.
The NDA salary structure according to the ranks is tabulated below in detail:
|Lieutenant||Level 10||INR 56,100 – INR 1,77,500|
|Captain||Level 10 B||INR 61,300 – INR 1,93,900|
|Major||Level 11||INR 69,400 –INR 2,07,200|
|Lieutenant Colonel||Level 12A||INR 1,21,200 – INR 2,12,400|
|Colonel||Level 13||INR 1,30,600- INR 2,15,900|
|Brigadier||Level 13A||INR 1,39,600- INR 2,17,600|
|Major General||Level 14||INR 1,44,200- INR 2,18,200|
|Lieutenant General HAG Scale||Level 15||INR 1, 82, 200- INR 2,24,100|
|HAG+Scale||Level 16||INR 2,05,400 – INR 2,24,400|
|VCOAS/Army Cdr/ Lieutenant General (NFSG)||Level 17||INR 2,25,000|
|COAS||Level 18||INR 2,50,000|
Apart from the basic salary the candidates are offered various allowances as follows Uniform Allowance, Compensatory Modified Field area allowances, Dearness allowances, Transport allowances. Both male and female candidates will be rewarded with same salary and allowances.